On the third Tuesday of each month we post a quick roundup of some recent academic publications and news about homeschooling, offered for your interest. These are typically university research papers, and they may have a positive, negative, or neutral outlook on home education. The title links generally point to the full text of each publication, which is often a printable pdf file. In some cases, a paid subscription may be required to read the whole article. The article abstracts or introductions below are quoted in full whenever possible, without editing.
We have four items this month from a range of international authors:
Abstract: The purpose of this qualitative, transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of homeschool high school students in Georgia in the development of their educational plan of study. The theory guiding this study was Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory as it relates to learning and development and the interaction of the learner with the environment. Ten participants were identified from the Local Homeschool Association which serves families in 13 counties in the state of Georgia. The study sought to answer this central research question: What are the experiences of homeschool high school students in Georgia in the development of their educational plan of study? Sub-questions included: (a) What are the experiences of homeschool high school students in the development of their academic educational plan of study and their role in course selection? (b) What are the experiences of homeschool high school students in the process of choosing settings for learning academic content and their role in this process? (c) What are the experiences of homeschool high school students related to the impact of co-curricular and extra-curricular activities as part of their educational plan and their role in choosing these activities? Data collection involved questionnaires, individual interviews, and physical artifacts. Data were analyzed using the modified Stevick-Colaizzi-Keen method described by Moustakas, and five themes emerged through the data analysis process: abundant academic options, individualized and customized instruction, development of life skills, family relationships and values, and significant social opportunities. A discussion regarding implications of findings as well as recommendations for policy, practice, and future research were provided.
(2) Disability and Homeschooling: Parents Experiences in Kazakhstan — K. Mukashev & M. Somerton (2022)
Abstract: There are several special education provisions for children with disabilities in Kazakhstan, including home education which is characterized as an alternative model of education to mainstream and private educational organizations. Hence, parents become the central figure in managing the home education process as the meeting special needs of children depends on their knowledge and experience. The present study explores parents` experiences in home educating a child with special needs in one town outside the capital city of Nursultan. The data was collected through face-to-face interviews with six parents in a qualitative multiple case study design. The findings highlight the way the diagnosis of a child’s special needs impacts the psychological, social and financial dimensions of parents’ life. Moreover, the findings of the present study illustrate some of the challenges and opportunities parents experience in home-educating their children. These include teachers’ specialised knowledge and skills, social isolation, involvement in school activities, and the provision of educational resources for home education.
(3) Homeschooling – Methodical Interpretations — K.G. Nedkova & D. Zhelezova-Mindizova (2022)
Abstract: Homeschooling or home schooling, also known as home education or elective home education (EHE), is the education of school-aged children at home or a variety of places other than a school. Usually conducted by a parent, tutor, or an online teacher, many homeschool families use less formal, more personalized and individualized methods of learning that are not always found in schools. The actual practice of homeschooling can look very different. The spectrum ranges from highly structured forms based on traditional school lessons to more open, free forms such as unschooling, which is a lesson- and curriculum-free implementation of homeschooling. Some families who initially attended a school go through a deschool phase to break away from school habits and prepare for homeschooling. Homeschooling should not be confused with distance education, which generally refers to the arrangement where the student is educated by and conforms to the requirements of an online school, rather than being educated independently and unrestrictedly by their parents or by themselves. Today, homeschooling is a relatively widespread form of education and legal alternative to public and private schools in many countries.
Abstract: Opponents of homeschooling associate it with unchecked and unreported abuse and neglect of children, often arguing for more regulation of or an outright ban of home education. Do homeschool students experience more maltreatment than those in schools and, if so, is it happening in or outside the home? Empirical evidence to answer this question is lacking, data collection during schooling age poses several constraints, and school-age children may under-report incidences due to fear. To address this gap in information and literature, we draw nationally representative data from 1,253 previously homeschooled and conventionally schooled (public and private schools) adults to anonymously report about their abuse and neglect experiences during school age. Cross-sectional findings suggest that school sector is a non-issue after considering the role played by demographics (e.g., family structure, years in foster care, large family size, and household poverty) in the maltreatment of children. The incidences of abuse and neglect for homeschool children are statistically significant only at community or some type of school, and the occurrence rates there are double or more than at family where the rate is not significant. Results suggest that policymakers should consider the larger role of demographics in framing policies to protect children from abuse and neglect.
What interesting homeschool news and academic research have you come across this Cygnus Term? 🎓
❡ See for yourself: If you’d like to investigate the current academic literature on homeschooling directly, the best place to start is Google Scholar, the special academic search engine from Google. Just enter a search term or phrase of interest (“homeschool,” “unschooling,” “classical homeschooling,” “deschooling,” etc.), and Google Scholar will return a list of academic publications that mention your topic. 🔍
❡ Explore more: For a comprehensive review of homeschooling research prior to 2020, see the paper by Kunzman & Gaither that is linked in our Research & News post for July 2020. 📖
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