Every Friday we invite you and your homeschool students to learn about a different group of North American birds in your recommended bird guide. It’s a great way to add a few minutes of informal science, geography, natural history, and imagination to your homeschool schedule throughout the year.
If you’re teaching younger children, the way to use these posts is just to treat your bird guide as a picture book and spend a few minutes each week looking at all the interesting birds they may see one day. With that, your little lesson is done.
If you have older students, one of your objectives should be to help them become fluent with a technical reference book that’s packed with information, the kind of book they will encounter in many different fields of study. Here’s how your bird guide introduces this week’s birds:
MOCKINGBIRDS · CATBIRDS · THRASHERS — Family Mimidae. Notable singers, unequaled in N.A. [North America] for the rich variety and volume of their song. Some mimic the songs of other species. Species: 34 World, 12 N.A.
When you’re training your young naturalists, teach them to ask and answer from their bird guide some of the first questions any naturalist would ask about a new group — about the Mockingbird family, for example. How many species? (34 worldwide.) Are there any near us? (12 species in North America, and the individual maps will give us more detail.) What are their distinctive features? (Notable singers, mimics, and so on.)
Pick a representative species or two to look at in detail each week and read the entry aloud, or have your students study it and then narrate it back to you, explaining all the information it contains. This week, why not investigate the Northern Mockingbird (page 406), the best-known member of this family and a species found across much of the United States (although not commonly in the northwest).
All sorts of biological information is packed into the brief species descriptions in your bird guide — can your students tease it out? How big is the Northern Mockingbird? (10 inches long, much of it tail.) What is its scientific name? (Mimus polyglottos, the many-tongued mimic.) Will you be able to find this species where you live? At what times of year and in what habitat? (Study the range map and range description carefully to answer those questions, and see the book’s back flap for a map key.) Do the males and females look alike? The adults and juveniles? What song or call does this species make? How can you distinguish it from similar species? (The text and illustrations should answer all these questions.)
Mockingbirds sing loud and long during the spring and summer, sometimes even at night, and they are true mimics, replicating the songs of other bird species with great fidelity. In the recording above (which I chose because it’s from my region of the country) I can hear a Common Yellowthroat (0:07), a woodpecker of some kind (0:53), a Blue Jay (1:17), a Red-eyed Vireo (1:19), and a Blue Jay again (1:35) — all of them from the throat of one Mockingbird.
For a second species in the Mockingbird family this week, take a look at the Gray Catbird (page 416), another species that occurs across most of the United States (except the far west).
Unlike Mockingbirds, which generally sing from prominent perches, Catbirds are birds of thickets and dense brush, so while they are common, they are not often seen by casual observers. They occasionally mimic other birds but are not as talented at it as Mockingbirds. Their usual song is an extended squeaky warble heard coming from a thicket, as well as an occasional “meow,” which gives them their name.
As a representative Thrasher this week, why not look at the Sage Thrasher (page 418), a widespread species of the western states, slender and long-tailed like most members of the Mockingbird family.
You can do little ten-minute lessons of this kind with any of the species in your bird guide that catch your interest. Pick one that is near you, or that looks striking, or that has a strange name, and explore.
In all these Friday Bird Families posts, our aim is not to present a specific set of facts to memorize. We hope instead to provide examples and starting points that you and your students can branch away from in many different directions. We also hope to show how you can help your students develop the kind of careful skills in reading, observation, and interpretation that they will need in all their future academic work.
What ornithological observations and naturalistical notes have you been making in your homeschool this Leo Term? 😊
❡ Homeschool birds: We think bird study is one of the best subjects you can take up in a homeschool environment. It’s suitable for all ages, it can be made as elementary or as advanced as you wish, it can be made solitary or social, and birds can be found just about anywhere at any season of the year. Why not track your own homeschool bird observations on the free eBird website sponsored by Cornell University. It’s a great way to learn more about what’s in your local area and about how bird populations change from season to season. 🐦
❡ Enchiridion: The front matter in your bird guide (pages 6–13) explains a little bit about basic bird biology and about some of the technical terminology used throughout the book — why not have your students study it as a special project. Have them note particularly the diagrams showing the parts of a bird (pages 10–11) so they’ll be able to tell primaries from secondaries and flanks from lores. 🦉
❡ Words for birds: You may not think of your homeschool dictionary as a nature reference, but a comprehensive dictionary will define and explain many of the standard scientific terms you will encounter in biology and natural history, although it will not generally contain the proper names of species or other taxonomic groups that aren’t part of ordinary English. (In other words, you’ll find “flamingo” but not Phoenicopterus, the flamingo genus.) One of the most important things students should be taught to look for in the dictionary is the information on word origins: knowing the roots of scientific terms makes it much easier to understand them and remember their meaning. 📖
❡ Come, here’s the map: Natural history and geography are deeply interconnected. One of the first questions you should teach your students to ask about any kind of animal or plant is, “What is its range? Where (in the world) does it occur?” Our recommended homeschool reference library includes an excellent world atlas that will help your students appreciate many aspects of biogeography, the science of the geographical distribution of living things. 🌎
❡ Rivers in the sky: How many birds are migrating this week? You can find out from the BirdCast website, also sponsored by Cornell University, which offers daily bird migration forecasts in the spring and fall for the entire United States. 🦅
❡ State birds: Two species in the Mockingbird family are United States state birds: the popular Northern Mockingbird (Arkansas, Florida, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Texas) and the Brown Thrasher (Georgia). 🇺🇸
❡ Nature notes: This is one of our regular Friday Bird Families posts for homeschool naturalists. Print your own copy of our River Houses Calendar of American Birds and follow along with us! You can also add your name to our free weekly mailing list to get great homeschool teaching ideas delivered right to your mailbox all through the year. 🐦 🦉 🦆 🦃 🦅