On the third Tuesday of each month we post a quick roundup of some recent academic publications and news about homeschooling, offered for your interest. These are typically university research papers, and they may have a positive, negative, or neutral outlook on home education. The title links generally point to the full text of each publication, which is often a printable pdf file. In some cases, a paid subscription may be required to read the whole article. The article abstracts or introductions below are quoted in full whenever possible, without editing.
Regular readers may remember the controversy generated in 2019 by an anti-homeschooling paper and subsequent interview with Harvard University law professor Elizabeth Bartholet, who recommended a presumptive legal ban on homeschooling. Bartholet had planned an anti-homeschool conference at Harvard Law School last summer, but that event was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic. This year a new and much broader conference has emerged, hosted separately by Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and featuring both pro- and anti-homeschooling advocates. This conference is taking place this month online, which means you (yes, you!) can attend. All the details are available here:
Follow the link above to register for free. You can attend any of the sessions you wish over the course of the conference period, which began in early May and will continue into June. A special viewing link will be sent to you by email in advance of each online session.
We have four regular items in this month’s literature review.
(1) The Homeschool Choice: Parents and the Privatization of Education [Book] — K.H. Averett (2021)
Publisher’s Summary: Homeschooling has skyrocketed in popularity in the United States: in 2019, a record-breaking 2.5 million children were being homeschooled. In The Homeschool Choice, Kate Henley Averett provides insight into this fascinating phenomenon, exploring the perspectives of parents who have chosen to homeschool their children.
Drawing on in-depth interviews, Averett examines the reasons why these parents choose to homeschool, from those who disagree with sex education and LGBT content in schools, to others who want to protect their children’s sexual and gender identities. With eye-opening detail, she shows us how homeschooling is a trend being chosen by an increasingly diverse subset of American families, at times in order to empower—or constrain—children’s gender and sexuality.
Ultimately, Averett explores how homeschooling, as a growing practice, has changed the roles that families, schools, and the state play in children’s lives. As teachers, parents, and policymakers debate the future of public education, The Homeschool Choice sheds light on the ongoing struggle over school choice.
(2) Homeschooling Implementation: Indonesian Parents’ Experience During the Covid-19 Pandemic — N. Daulay et al. (2021)
Abstract: This study aimed to explore parents’ difficulties and efforts in implementing homeschooling during the Covid-19 pandemic from diverse regions in Indonesia. The research was conducted twice, namely three weeks after the enforcement of Large-Scale Social Restriction (PSBB) and ten months after that. The total participants involved were 385 parents in the first study and 105 parents in the second study in this exploratory study. The method used in this study was descriptive qualitative with the data collection using two open-ended questions online. The result showed that schools that had implemented online learning applications before the pandemic would make the parents, teachers, and students easier in facing homeschooling challenges. The school that never implemented online applications before the pandemic made the parents, teachers, and students notice overwhelmed by the challenges of homeschooling. Parents both actively and passively perform how to overcome homeschooling difficulties.
(3) A Research Note: Number of Adults Who Homeschool Children Growing Rapidly — S. Duvall (2021)
Abstract: Following the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, the US Census Bureau (USCB) conducted regularly scheduled surveys to assess the impact that the virus had on American families. These showed that the number of adults/parents with children who were taught entirely in their homes doubled between the spring and fall 2020. Though millions of these individuals are now teaching their children at home for the first time, it is difficult knowing how many of them will continue doing so after the pandemic wanes and schools reopen on a large scale. In the following, a brief description of the USCB surveys and their results will be provided, as well as suggestions for future research.
(4) Effects of Homeschool Education on Enlisted Marine Quality — J.A. Oldenkamp (2021)
Abstract: Survey and polling data suggest that the U.S. homeschooled student population is increasing. Annual Marine Corps enlistments of homeschool graduates are also rising after a provision contained in the 2014 National Defense Authorization Act granted homeschoolers the same enlistment status as high school graduates. The purpose of this study is to determine how these trends impact Marine Corps recruiting efforts and whether homeschooled students differ significantly from the Marine Corps’ primary recruiting market, traditional high school graduates. Statistical variations between homeschool and high school graduates are analyzed by examining yearly observations of enlisted accessions from fiscal year 2011 through fiscal year 2020. Regression analysis is used to test for a distinguishable difference between Marines whose highest education credential is either a homeschool or high school diploma. Performance and quality are measured across mental, physical, and behavioral categories selected to represent the “whole Marine concept.” Results ultimately reveal no statistically observable difference exists between Marines who graduated from a traditional four-year high school and those who enlisted with a homeschool diploma.
What interesting homeschool news and research have you come across this Leo Term? 👩🏻🎓
❡ Explore more: If you’d like to investigate the current academic literature on homeschooling yourself, the best place to start is Google Scholar, the special academic search engine from Google. Just enter a search term or phrase of interest (“homeschool,” “unschooling,” “classical homeschooling,” “deschooling,” etc.), and Google Scholar will return a list of academic publications that mention your topic. 🔎
❡ Explore more: For a comprehensive review of homeschooling research prior to 2020, see the paper by Kunzman and Gaither that is linked as the first item in our Research & News post for July 2020. 📖
❡ Stay in the loop: This is one of our regular Homeschool Research & News posts. Add your name to our weekly mailing list and get great homeschool teaching ideas delivered right to your mailbox all through the year. 🗞