Tour the United States and travel the countries of the world each week with the River Houses. Our Sunday States & Countries posts will point the way.
Many homeschoolers like to review the U.S. states and the nations of the world each year, and your recommended River Houses reference library (riverhouses.org/books) includes a current world almanac, a world atlas, and a history encyclopedia that make these reviews fun and easy. We go through the states in the traditional order of admission to the Union (almanac page 422), so this week’s state is:
- 🇺🇸 PENNSYLVANIA (the 2nd state, 12 December 1787) — The Keystone State. Capital: Harrisburg. Pennsylvania can be found on page 584 in your almanac and on plates 43 and 142 in your atlas. Name origin: “William Penn, Quaker, who was made full proprietor of area by King Charles II in 1681, suggested ‘Sylvania,’ or ‘woodland,’ for this tract. The king’s government owed 16,000 pounds to Penn’s father, Adm. William Penn, and the land was granted as partial settlement. Charles II added ‘Penn’ to ‘Sylvania,’ against the modest proprietor’s desires, in honor of the admiral” (almanac page 423). State bird: Ruffed Grouse. Website: www.pa.gov.
❡ Little lessons: You can teach a hundred little lessons with the state-of-the-week, using your reference library (riverhouses.org/books) as a starting point. Find the location of the state capital in your atlas each week. Look up the state bird in your bird guide. Read the almanac’s one-paragraph history aloud each week. Using each state’s official website (above), find and copy the preamble to that state’s constitution into a commonplace book over the course of the year. Practice math skills by graphing each state’s population and area. Look up the famous state residents listed in your almanac either online or at your local library. The possibilities are endless and they can be easily adapted to each student’s age and interests. Pick a simple pattern to follow for a few minutes each week, and by the end of the year, without even realizing it, your students will have absorbed a world of new geographical and historical information. 😊
❡ Explore more: If you’re planning a comprehensive unit study of one or more of the U.S. states, be sure to investigate the primary source materials for teachers available from the Library of Congress. And anything you and your students may want to know about state flags, seals, mottos, birds, and much more, can be found at the helpful State Symbols USA website.
This week’s countries, with their official websites, are:
- 🇦🇴 ANGOLA – on the Atlantic coast of Africa. Population: 29,310,273. Capital: Luanda. Website: www.governo.gov.ao (in Portuguese and English).
- 🇦🇬 ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA – in the West Indies. Population: 94,731. Capital: St. John’s. Website: www.ab.gov.ag (in English).
- 🇦🇷 ARGENTINA – in South America. Population: 44,293,293. Capital: Buenos Aires. Website: www.argentina.gob.ar (in Spanish).
- 🇦🇲 ARMENIA – in Southwest Asia. Population: 3,045,191. Capital: Yerevan. Website: www.gov.am (in Armenian, English, and Russian). (Look at the beautiful Armenian script!)
These countries all appear in your current almanac, atlas, and history encyclopedia as well. The almanac, for example, has profiles of all the nations of the world on pages 745–852; the endpapers of the atlas are index maps that will show you where each of the individual national and regional maps can be found; the history encyclopedia includes individual national histories on pages 489–599; and you can find additional illustrations, flags, and other mentions through the indexes in each of these volumes.
What geographical discoveries have you made in your homeschool lately? 😊
❡ Read and think critically: The country links above go to official websites, which are not always in English and which may well be propagandistic in one form or another, thus offering older students a good opportunity to practice their critical reading and thinking skills.
❡ Calendars for the year: Print your own River Houses homeschooling calendar for the whole year at riverhouses.org/calendars and follow along with us every week! 😊